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High blood sugar levels are the result of poor metabolism
The data in Figure 1 shows that the 16 thin individuals (nos. 1-16) had blood sugar levels below fasting levels at the 1 hour time interval. The sixteen obese individuals had significantly higher blood sugar levels at the 1 hour time interval. The mean glucose value for the 16 thin individuals (nos. 1-16) at the 1 hour time interval is 69. The mean glucose value for the 16 obese individuals
(nos. 17-32) at the one hour time interval is 180.
Figure 1 is a composite graph of the data taken from tables 1 and 2 comparing the mean blood sugar levels of 16 thin and 16 obese individuals at different time intervals, 0 (fasting), 1/2, and 1 hour following an oral carbohydrate load. Figure 1 clearly shows that the mean for each group
differed significantly at each time interval.
It can be clearly seen from the data in figure 1, that thin individuals rapidly and efficiently normalize their blood sugar levels following an oral carbohydrate load. There was a steep rise in the blood glucose within the first half hour, then followed by a sharp decline, and dropping to below fasting levels in one hour.
The obese individuals showed a much steeper rise in the blood sugar levels following an oral carbohydrate load, and with a prolonged period of hyperglycemia in the first half hour. Blood glucose values continued to remain significantly elevated at the 1 hour time interval in the obese individuals following an oral carbohydrate load.
The events that occurred within the first half hour time interval following an oral carbohydrate load appear to be crucial and essential for the rapid and efficient clearance of glucose from the blood. It can be seen clearly from the graph that thin individuals metabolize blood sugar much faster than obese individuals. Whereas obese individuals do not fully metabolize blood sugar.
In all probability, thin individuals are thin because they efficiently metabolize their carbohydrates. Almost all of their ingested carbohydrates are converted to energy, and very little is converted to fat.
It should be quite apparent to anyone who studies the graph
carefully that there is a block in the metabolism of carbohydrates in obese individuals that leads to an increase in fat deposits.
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